1770 Dutch Barn
This barn is an excellent example of a New World Dutch Barn. The barn was originally built in 1760 and moved from New York (stick by stick) and rebuilt by the 10xXx Ranch in 2006. The design of these unique barns originated in Holland in the 11th century and was later brought to the New World in the 1600’s by the Dutch settlers to New Netherlands which later became the colony of New York. It was here in America that the Dutch barns reached their grandest dimensions, because unlike in Europe, massive timbers were available from the virgin forests. New World Dutch barns are now considered the finest barns ever built. This barn has witnessed much of American history, including the American Revolution in which over eight hundred homes and barns were burned in the vicinity of the original location of the barn by British raids during October 1780. These raids were called the “Barn Wars”. This barn was originally located less than one mile from the Erie Canal in the Mohawk Valley in upstate New York. The massive overhead beams (with rounded tenons called anchor beams) are unique to Dutch barns and are the largest beams found in any type of barn, often weighing over one ton.
The Dutch farmers of the 1700’s practiced an agriculture in which, unlike modern monoculture that specializes in growing one crop, they raised a wide diversity of plants and livestock. These barns typically held milk cows, oxen, horses, sheep, and chickens. In them the entire winter supply of grains: barley, wheat, rye, oats and corn, aside from large quantities of hay and straw, found safe storage.
The large, open central area of the barn is called the “nave,” from the latin word for “ship.” You can see the reasons for this if you look overhead at the roof interior, which resembles the ribs and planking of the inside of a wooden ship, thus from the word “nave” we derive the word “navey.”